President Joe Biden as well as Indonesian President Joko Widodo unveiled a climate agreement on Tuesday that will provide Indonesia $20 billion within the next three to five years to pressure the nation to close its coal facilities.
According to a White House fact sheet, the effort is meant to assist Indonesia, the world’s largest coal exporter, with phasing out coal production and transitioning to green energy in order to achieve international targets for decreasing carbon emissions. The International Partners Group, which includes the United States, Japan, and Canada, will spend half of the money, while the remaining half will be given by private financial firms headed by the Glasgow Finance Alliance for Net Zero to speed up Indonesia’s green transformation over a three-to-five-year period.
To move Indonesia away from its coal production, the donors will utilize a combination of subsidies, loans and private investments. The plan will hasten the closure of coal-fired power stations, while investments in proposed coal plants will be channeled towards renewable sources of energy.
According to a 2022 Worldwide Energy Agency report, Indonesia is highly dependent on coal to power its energy-intensive steel industry. According to the Energy Information Administration, coal provided 37% of Indonesia’s energy usage in 2020, whereas renewables contributed 7%.
According to the information sheet, Indonesia will strive to make sure that its power industry emissions plateau by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050, pushing its net zero targets ahead by ten years. The country will also strive to have renewable energy responsible for at least 34% of total power generation by 2030.
On November 9, Biden’s climatic change envoy John Kerry declared that the Biden govt. would collaborate with the Bezos Earth Fund as well as the Rockefeller Foundation to provide developing nations with “sellable carbon credits” in exchange for reducing CO2 emissions from their power industry or investing in green energy.